The paper focuses first on the history of research on violence against women, by elaborating on each perspective. Research on violence against women has improved and provides important information on patterns, prevalence, risk and consequences of this major threat to female well-being. Finally, the paper recommends certain changes that should be made in order to improve future research on the subject. Topics addressed include historical and current explanations of battering behavior, the importance of the accurate and unbiased identification of victims, differences and the implications of those differences in reporting rape and sexual assault, and the understanding of risk factors. However, while methodological improvements appear in later studies, the literature review shows many limitations and restrictions when conducting research on violence against women. In particular the author explores the prevailing notion of the predominance of female victimization over male victimization.